Accounting, Transactions, Financial statements of companies, Income recognition, Financial reporting, Insurance claims
Uplatz provides this comprehensive training on Financial Accounting & Reporting.
This Financial Accounting & Financial Reporting course will demonstrate the key accounting concepts and principles to be able to prepare financial statements and unlock critical insights into business performance and potential. You will explore how financial advisors, managers, analysts, and entrepreneurs leverage accounting to drive strategic decision-making. The Financial Accounting course will help you master the functional and technical skills needed to analyze financial statements and disclosures for use in financial analysis, and learn how accounting standards and managerial incentives affect the financial reporting process. By the end of this Financial Accounting & Reporting course, you’ll be able to read the three most common financial statements: the income statement, balance sheet, and statement of cash flows. Then you can apply these skills to real-world industry scenarios.
Financial Accounting is essentially the process of preparing financial statements that organizations use to show their financial performance and position to people outside the company including investors, creditors, suppliers, and customers. Financial reporting can be defined as the standard practices to provide stakeholders a clear depiction of an organization’s finances, including their revenue, expenses, profits, capital, and cash flow, as formal records that provide in-depth insights into financial information.
Financial accounting ensures the legal compliance for how businesses track, recognize, and measure revenue, costs, depreciation, intangible assets, goodwill, and the like. Since the investors as well as regulatory bodies want all businesses to be measured on the same grading stick and to have confidence that financial measures can be compared across businesses, hence financial accounting assumes great importance. While the occasional pro-forma statement may be issued, financial accounting is primarily dealing with accounting for historical transactions. Everything must be accounted for and should match on both sides of the accounting ledger.
Financial accounting differs from management accounting, in the sense that financial accounting is for external parties which by contrast management accounting involves preparing detailed reports and forecasts for managers inside the company. In simple words, managerial accounting information is aimed at helping managers within a company while financial accounting is aimed at providing information to external parties.
The basic goals of financial accounting involve analysis, preparation, publication of:
- Financial statements/accounting/reporting, cash flow analysis
- Accounting theory/practice/cycle
- Income/retained earnings statements, balance sheets
- GAAP, international reporting standards, standards convergence
Financial Reporting simply refers to the financial results of an organization that are released to its stakeholders and to the public. This reporting is a key function of the controller, who may be assisted by the investor relations officer if an organization is publicly held. Financial reporting typically encompasses the following documents and postings:
- Financial statements, which include the income statement, balance sheet, and statement of cash flows
- Accompanying footnote disclosures, which include more detail on certain topics, as prescribed by the relevant accounting framework
- Any financial information that the company chooses to post about itself on its website
- Annual reports issued to shareholders
- Any prospectus issued to potential investors concerning the issuance of securities by the organization
Financial reporting utilizes financial statements to disclose financial data that indicates the financial health of a company over during a specific period of time. The information is vital for management to make decisions about the company’s future and provides information to capital providers like creditors and investors about the profitability and financial stability of an organization.
Internal financial reporting is a business practice that involves compiling financial information on a frequent basis for use within the organization. The documents may contain confidential information, such as business indicators or KPIs, financial performance, performance indicators, etc.. These are designed to help those individuals working within the company to make informed decisions. In contrast, the external reporting involves preparing financial information to be distributed to parties outside the organization. Unlike internal reports, external reports do not contain confidential information about the company.
The recipients of the external reports include potential investors, lenders, and creditors who require the reports to evaluate the financial position of the company. The main external financial reports include the income statement, balance sheet, and statement of cash flows.
Financial Accounting & Reporting include key areas of finance & accounting such as debt management, trend identification for decision-making, real time tracking, liabilities position, progress & compliance, cash flows, communication & data access, and more